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This thread will be about your questions concerning what may not make sense to you, or where you wish clarification concerning your understandings of current, or alternative theories and speculations in Cosmology or Cosmogony. Cosmogony is the study of the beginnings of the universe. For the purpose of these conversations the word “universe” would include all known matter and energy that’s observable to us by our senses or by our instrumentation and experiments. The word “cosmos,” for the purpose of these conversations, will include everything that could conceivably have existence, such as other universes, a spiritual realm, god, etc. As for myself, I have been an independent researcher and theorist in cosmology and theoretical physics for more than 50 years and have written, along with others, a number of related peer-reviewed papers published in this field. But this thread will be about your questions, not about any of my own alternatives. The emphasis will be on your questions about the universe or cosmos and what may, or may not make sense to you concerning the answers that you have heard or read. My answers will be based upon what has been observed and whether the present interpretations and speculations relating to these observations generally make sense and are logical. My answers will be logic-based, directly addressing your questions, with answers either related, or unrelated to present mainstream ideas and theories in these fields. As an analogy to such ideas, and for the purpose of these conversations if you wish, one could consider the word “catholic” to mean all such ideas and theories on these subjects, whether mainstream or not, and the same word capitalized “Catholic,” to mean the presently accepted mainstream theories and ideas concerning these subjects. The definition of the word "catholic" being considered: universal in extent; including all possibilities http://www.dictionary.com/browse/catholic Probably few here realize that there are hundreds of different theories of cosmology, as many as there are protestant religions. To rightfully be called a theory or hypothesis such proposals need to be science- based in content and form, and none should be easily refutable by observation or experimentation. Of course observations and the results of experiments can be interpreted by logic alone, or by different theories in a number or different ways. To some, mainstream or other theories may be considered logical, but to others not. As to an understanding of alternative cosmologies in general, there are two major types. One type concerns recognized mainstream theorists proposed alternatives to present theory, and the second type involves alternative theories that have never been studied or considered by mainstream theorists or practitioners, such alternatives or non-standard cosmologies, as stated above, number in the hundreds. Here are a few links referring to more than a dozen of these alternative theories and hypothesis. This is just a sampling of the hundreds of written cosmologies that have been proposed and disseminated within just the last 60 years as alternatives to the Big Bang Theory. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-standard_cosmology https://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Alternative_cosmology https://www.scientificexploration.org/forum/against-the-grain-some-alternative-cosmologies If the answers do not make sense to you, do not believe them, instead study the question and answer further then come to a conclusion, but always be ready to change your beliefs or conclusions. Like religion, none of present-day cosmology, known alternatives, or proposals ever made by anyone, none may be correct. Such Questions asked should be logical to you, and all answers also must be logical to you for your consideration – as should your acceptance of any proposal or theory whether mainstream or not.