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Goodbye Jesus

Possible Origin Of Sodom And Gomorrah Story?


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Cometary impact is gaining ground as an explanation of the collapse of civilisations, writes Benny Peiser


At some time around 2300 BC, give or take a century or two, a large number of the major civilisations of the world collapsed, simultaneously it seems. The Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia, the Old Kingdom in Egypt, the Early Bronze Age civilisation in Israel, Anatolia and Greece, as well as the Indus Valley civilisation in India, the Hilmand civilisation in Afghanistan and the Hongshan Culture in China - the first urban civilisations in the world - all fell into ruin at more or less the same time. Why?


A thousand years later, at around 1200 BC, many of the civilisations of the same regions again collapsed at about the same time. This time, disaster overtook the Myceneans of Greece, the Hittites of Anatolia, the Egyptian New Kingdom, Late Bronze Age Israel, and the Shang Dynasty of China.


The reasons for these widespread and apparently simultaneous disasters - which coincided also with changes of cultures and societies elsewhere, such as in Britain - have long been a fascinating mystery. Traditional explanations include warfare, famine, and more recently 'system collapse', but the apparent absence of direct archaeological or written evidence for causes, as opposed to the effects, has led many archaeologists and historians into a resigned assumption that no definite explanation can possibly be found.


Some decades ago, the hunt for clues passed largely into the hands of natural scientists. Concentrating on the earlier set of Bronze Age collapses, researchers began to find a range of evidence that suggested that natural causes rather than human actions, may have been initially responsible. There began to be talk of climate change, volcanic activity, and earthquakes - and some of this material has now found its way into standard historical accounts of the period.



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The biggest volcanic eruption ever, Thera, took place around 1600 BC and must have caused havoc in the region. Some elements suggest it could have ended up in the Moses story, via the Ipuwer manuscript (which talks of the ground shaking for years).


Impacts from space are often fairly local, unless they manage to send up huge amounts of debris/super-heated steam up into the upper atmosphere. Then again, a few bad winters can do the same, like 1816, the year without summer when they had snow in New York in July. It was 1.F cooler than usual worldwide! We know a number of ancient civilisations in South America and elsewhere vanished as their water supplies dried up. It does not take much to wreck a society.

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The biggest volcanic eruption ever, Thera, took place around 1600 BC and must have caused havoc in the region.


Umm, big, yeah, but biggest? No. Decidedly no.




Specifically check out the notes on Lake Toba and, yes, Yellowstone... :blink:

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Origins of S and G? There once was a dorky shepherd who believed he knew everything there was to know. He heard of a cataclysm in a nearby region that was so great a destruction, it must have been the work of the gods. He went around accusing dead people of immoral acts against angels and each other that he could not possibly prove. This became the story of S and G who were only victims of a great catastrophy.

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