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Benito Mussolini, Charles S. Maier, Franklin D. Roosevelt


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"The Government has been compelled to levy taxes which unavoidably hitlarge sections of the population. The Italian people are disciplined,silent and calm, they work and know that there is a Government whichgoverns, and know, above all, that if this Government hits cruellycertain sections of the Italian people, it does not so out of caprice,but from the supreme necessity of national order."

-- Benito Mussolini

(1883-1945), Italian dictator during WW2

Source: Speech delivered by Prime Minister Benito Mussolini before theItalian Senate, June 8, 1923. Reproduced in Mussolini as Revealed inHis Political Speeches (London & Toronto: J.M. Dent & SonsLtd., 1923), pp. 317-318.




"Fascist intellectuals, such as Ugo Spirito, made the round ofconferences preaching the virtues of postcapitalism fascism and in facttried to nudge the structure in a 'leftist' direction by calling formore collective control and even corporative ownership of the economy.Mussolini looked abroad to find that Franklin Roosevelt was merelyseeking to emulate Italy's innovations."

-- Charles S. Maier

Historian, professor, Director of the Center for European Studies

Source: In Search of Stability: Explorations in Historical PoliticalEconomy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), p. 81.




"I am much interested and deeply impressed by what he has accomplished

and by his evidenced honest purpose of restoring Italy and

seeking to prevent general European trouble."

-- Franklin D. Roosevelt

(1882-1945), 32nd US President

Source: on Mussolini, 1933, Letter to U.S. Ambassador BreckinridgeLong, 16 June 1933; Breckinridge Long Papers, Box 135, Library ofCongress.


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