Since Lillith has been mentioned several times recently in several different threads, I thought I would find out what I could about her. It seems that Lillith in only mentioned once in the Hebrew bible, in Isaiah 34:14. Even there she is not named, but only mentioned as a night monster. Which actually makes sense, Lillith seems to be have originally been a Mesopotamian female night demon, preying on male children. Known to the Sumerians as ki-sikil-lil-la-ke4, a female demon, she appears in the Sumerian prologue to the Gilgamesh epic.:
a dragon had built its nest at the foot of the tree
the Zu-bird was raising its young in the crown,
and the demon Lilith had built her house in the middle
Lillith was known to the Babylonians as the Lilu, female demons that roamed the dark night killing newborns and pregnant women. Persian incantations have been found that refer to Lillith, protect against her, as below, and refe also to her divorce:
You are bound and sealed, all you demons and devils and lilliths, by that hard and strong, mighty and powerful bond with which are tied Sison and Sisin…. The evil Lillith, who causes the hearts wof men to go astray and appears in the dream of the night and in the vision of the day, Who burns and casts down with nightmare, attacks and kills children, boys and girls. She is conquered and sealed away from the house and threshhold by the talisman of Metatron, the great prince who is called the Great Healer of Mercy….who vanquishes demonss and devils, black arts and mighty spells and keeps them away from the house and threshold. Amen, Amen Selah.
As I said earlier, Lillith is only mentioned once in the Hebrew bible, Isaiah 34:14, then only if you understand Hebrew will you know that the Hebrew word for night monster is “lillith”.
"The desert creatures will meet with the wolves,
The hairy goat also will cry to its kind;
Yes, the night monster* will settle there * read as lillith
And will find herself a resting place."
In the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Songs of the Sage to be exact, Lillith is mentioned in a similar manner as in Isaiah.
“And I, the Master, proclaim the majesty of his beauty to frighten and terrify all the spirits of the destroying angels and the spirits of the bastards, the demons, Lillith…..
Although most scholars believe that the myth of Lillith being the first wife of Adam, there is a Hebrew tradition of putting an amulet around the neck of newborn boys, inscribe with the name of three angels, to protect them from the lilin until their circumcision. There also existed a tradition to wait awhile before cutting a boy’s hair to trick Lillith into believing the child is a girl, thus sparing it’s life. This lends some weight to the argument of Lillith existing in early Hebrew mythology, but none to her being Adam’s first wife.
The first true mention of Lillith being Adam’s wife comes from “The Alphabet of Ben Sira”, written sometime between the 8th and 11 centuries CE, it tells of Lillith refusing to assume a subservient role to Adam during sex and so deserting him. She fled to the area of the Red Sea, there mating with Asmodai, the chief of demons, and various other demons she found there, creating countless lilin. Upon Adams urging, God sent three angels to bring her back to Adam. She refused, agreeing to return only after the angels threatened to kill one hundred of her demonic children a day, she countered with the promise that she would prey eternally upon the descendants of Adam and Eve, who could only be saved by invoking the names of the three angels (Senoy, Sansenoy, and Semangelof). She did not return to Adam.
Although “The Alphabet of Ben Sira” is the oldest known source of the story of Adam and Lillith, the story did not become well known until the 17th century with the publication of “Lexicon Talmudicum” by Johannes Buxtorf.. This is not, however, the only story of Lillith. She is also known as the wife of Samael (known as the seducer, the accuser, the destroyer, quite possibly the angelic name of Satan), and also as the consort of Asmodeus (known as the destroyer, king of the demons). Samael and Lillith were born as one, sikilar to the form of Adam and Eve, who were also born as one, reflecting whis is above. They were both born at the same hour in the image of Adam and Eve, intertwined in each other. Asmodeus, the great king of the demons has as a mate, the Lesser (younger) Lilith, daughter of King Qafsefoni and quen Mehetabel (daughter of Matred). I think this shows that the Myth of Lillith is just that, a late myth that came into being in the middle ages in Jewish mythology and was based on an ancient Semitic female demon.